Cointelegraph By Marcel Pechman
Ether (ETH) price has rallied more than 200% in 2021, resulting in a massive $337 billion market capitalization. This impressive figure pushed the value of the Ethereum network ahead of the total market cap of major companies like Procter & Gamble’s ($326 billion) and PayPal’s $308 billion.
The market cap figure is achieved by multiplying the last trade price by the total outstanding number of coins, regardless of whether they’ve been moved. Therefore, it seldomly reflects the average price where most investors transacted.
For investors from traditional finance, ‘value’ is assessed by comparing multiples and valuations. These are often calculated in the form of earnings, sales, and market share, and attempting to apply these same ‘value’ metrics to cryptocurrencies with multiple use cases creates uncertainty and discomfort.
Ether is a multi-faceted asset that is difficult to evaluate
There is not a bullet-proof metric available to assess how Ether’s value stacks against its potential. The cryptocurrency might simultaneously act as a digital store of value while also functioning as the token required to access the Ethereum network.
Therefore, one must consider the coins deposited on exchanges or the percentage effectively changing hands when comparing different asset classes. The existence of regulated derivatives markets allow institutional investors to bet against the asset’s price, and it is another factor that should be accounted for.
While the merits of comparing the market cap of different asset classes side-by-side is debatable, the metric essentially works the same way for commodities, stocks, and mutual funds.
According to data from Infinite Market Cap, Ether recently surpassed the market cap of Nestle, Procter & Gamble, PayPal, and Roche.
The American multinational consumer goods company P&G was founded in 1837 and holds a diversified brand portfolio, including personal health, consumer care, and hygiene. With 100,000 employees worldwide, the conglomerate posted a $13 billion net income in 2020.
On the other hand, Ethereum has 2,320 average monthly developers, according to the Electric Capital’ Developer Report’. Although it is not a secular company, its decentralized applications (dApps) handle over 100,000 daily active addresses. Even more impressive is the $12 billion daily transfer and transactions on the Ethereum network. These numbers alone are outstanding even for an S&P 500 company.
Stocks have their own risks, which can’t be ignored
Comparing a 183-year company that is heavily dependent on production and distribution to a technology-based protocol is unlikely to uncover many similarities. However, equity investors enjoy the fruits of dividends, and while some will argue that Ether could be staked for a return, there are more significant risks involved.
Investors staking in the ETH 2.0 contract have the options of becoming a full validator or joining a pool but their coins could be lost due to malicious activity or by failing to validate network transactions. Similar risks emerge when lending Ether via centralized services and decentralized protocols.
On the other hand, listed companies can create new shares to benefit from excessive valuations or increase their cash position.
Tax changes, operational liabilities, and regulatory changes are other risks that stockholders sometimes face. For example, Roche was recently challenged for $4.5 billion from the government for deceiving the CDC, according to a lawsuit unsealed in September 2019.
Decentralized protocols are virtually free of these perils, and perhaps this justifies their sky-high valuations.
Considering the risks described above, investors might conclude that holding Ether is less risky than buying stocks. At least it is possible to self-custody, making the asset less dependent on third parties and unauthorized transactions.
The views and opinions expressed here are solely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of Cointelegraph. Every investment and trading move involves risk. You should conduct your own research when making a decision.
Gelato Network launches ‘G-UNI’ Uniswap v3 management token
Cointelegraph By Andrew Thurman
While Uniswap’s highly-touted v3 has been racing to the top of TVL charts as of late, the need for active management has kept some retail participants out of their pools — a problem that a new product from the Gelato Network is aiming to fix.
First teased in a community call last week, the Gelato Network has released today the details of their “G-UNI” Uniswap v3 management system. G-UNI aims to perpetually maintain a liquidity range of 5-10% within the current price of an asset pair, with an oracle network checking prices and rebalancing liquidity pool position ranges every half hour. G-UNI also automatically re-invests trading fees for compounding returns.
“Passive G-UNIs work by just providing very broad liquidity, similar to Uniswap v2 that never has to be changed,” an announcement blog post reads. “It thus can be completely free of anyone’s control as it does not require changes in its price range.”
While Uniswap v3 allows liquidity providers to earn more fees by concentrating their funds at specific prices, it opens them up to risk of impermanent loss if the prices of the trading pair moves beyond the provider’s specified range.
Update: REKT ☠️ https://t.co/0MF0gCd9sm
— ameen.eth (@ameensol) May 29, 2021
The blog post notes that G-UNI’s auto rebalancing brings the benefits of concentrated liquidity, but with the option of passively managing the position in a manner more in line with Uniswap v2.
“The advantage of this includes that users can sit back and relax as all the difficulties that come with monitoring LP positions are taken care of.”
Composability and incentives
While the new tool will be a boon to passive liquidity providers, the real benefits of G-UNI might be for other DeFi protocols.
A self-described “Legendary Member” of Gelato, Hilmar, noted that projects can now incentivize concentrated liquidity in “pool 2” liquidity pools. Pool 2 is a colloquialism for a native governance asset paired with a popular base asset, such as ETH or MATIC.
3) Having an ERC20 wrapper around Uni V3 LP positions is extremely powerful, as this enables teams like Instadapp to offer “Liquidity Mining” incentive schemes on top of G-UNI.
This means you can now incentivize your community to provide liquidity around specific ranges
— Hilmar X 冰淇淋 团队 (@hilmarxo) June 16, 2021
Projects often have to provide ample liquidity mining incentives for participants in pool 2s, as liquidity providers take on the risk of the native governance token collapsing in price. Concentrated liquidity rewards may help stabilize native asset prices to a more regular range.
Additionally, G-UNI is a ERC-20 token as opposed to a NFT, which opens it up to a broader number of possible applications in DeFi. Many lending platforms accept liquidity pool tokens as collateral, but aren’t yet widely prepared for positions represented as NFTs; G-UNI will allow them to onboard v3 liquidity positions faster. Likewise, yield vaults like Yearn.Finance, which has been planning to incorporate exchange positions for some time, may find it easier to integrate ERC-20s.
G-UNI will be used out of the gate as part of the launch of Instadapp’s governance token. The team is setting aside 1,000,000 INST tokens for INST/ETH liquidity mining, with 3/4ths of the rewards focused on a higher INST price liquidity range.
Per the Instadapp dashboard, the incentivized pools are currently live and offering 2,200% and 1,800% APY respectively.
Alchemix patches ‘Reverse Rug’ exploit, address $6.5 million shortfall
Cointelegraph By Andrew Thurman
It’s as miraculous as Aladdin taking off on a magic carpet: in a possible first, some of the users of a decentralized finance protocol were the ones to benefit today from an exploit, turning the concept of a ‘rugpull’ on its head.
A colloquialism for when liquidity is drained from a project (often an unscrupulous founder or developer draining the funds themselves), depositors and DeFi users are most often the ones holding bad debt and/or worthless tokens — left to hope for compensation plans that can take months or even years to fully vest.
In an exploit today, however, the users are the ones who got to pull at the seams for a change.
This morning, Alchemix announced that the contracts for one of their synthetic assets, alETH, had experienced an “incident.”
There has been an incident with the Alchemix alETH contracts. Together with the fantastic team at @iearnfinance, we have identified the error and are both working on a post-mortem and a solution to the problem.
Funds are safe.
— Alchemix (@AlchemixFi) June 16, 2021
In a incident report published later in the day, Alchemix developer “n4n0” said that “an issue with the deployment script of the alETH vault accidentally created additional vaults,” some of which the protocol used to incorrectly calculate outstanding debts, which in turn meant protocol funds were used to “pay off user debts.”
As a result, for a short window of time users were able to withdraw their ETH collateral with their alETH loans still outstanding — a rugpull by the community to the tune of $6.5 million.
Alchemix innovating again… this time with the reverse rugpull.. a ‘rugput’
Joking aside there was a little incident with the new alETH vault in which nobody lost any funds but some users actually gained@n4n084191635 with a great incident report herehttps://t.co/Vo3cWRnZPx pic.twitter.com/68G3y1s3x0
— ⟠ toast.eth (@intocryptoast) June 16, 2021
Per the incident report, the team paused the mint contract for alETH two and a half hours after the exploit was discovered. The report notes that no users lost funds as a result of the exploit, and that Yearn.Finance — whose yield vaults automatically repay Alchemix’s synthetic loans — suffered no loss as well. Additionally, a “conservative” initial debt ceiling prevented the protocol loss from being more extreme.
The team, including incident report author n4n0 appear to be taking the loss in stride:
— n4n0 (@n4n084191635) June 16, 2021
A trio of solutions is being deployed to cover the shortfall, including a temporary increase in protocol fees, a injection of ETH liquidity from Alchemix’s treasury, and a sale of DAI from the treasury for additional ETH. The team says they will be deploying an entirely new vault to address the flaws of the original.
Further changes may be on the horizon for the alETH asset as well. Alchemix currently has a alETH/ETH pool live on Saddle, a VC-backed fork of Curve Finance, following Curve reportedly turning down creating a pool for the synthetic Ether. However, in the past 48 hours the Curve social media account has been making overtures in an effort to bring Alchemix’s latest synthetic asset back.
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